1. Lee J, Choi B, Wu B. Lee M. Customized biomimetic scaffolds created by indirect three-dimensional printing for tissue engineering.In review.
  2. Arakawa C, Ng R, Tan S, Wu BM, Lee M. A novel photopolymerizable chitosan collagen composite hydrogel for bone tissue engineering. In review.
  3. Fan J, Park H, Tan S, Lee M. Enhanced osteogenesis of adipose derived stem cells with noggin suppression and delivery of BMP-2. PLoS One [In press].
  4. Chang J, Liu F, Lee M, Wu BM, Ting K, Zara J, Soo C, Hezaiman KA, Zou W, Chen X, Mooney D, Wang CY. NF-kB inhibits osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells by promoting b-catenin degradation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(23):9469-74, 2013.
  5. Park H, Choi B, Nguyen J, Fan J, Shafi S, Klokkevold P, Lee M. Anionic carbohydrate-containing chitosan scaffolds for bone regeneration.  Carbohydrate Polymers97(2):587-96, 2013.
  6. DeConde A, Sidell D, Lee M, Bezouglaia O, Low K, Elashoff D, Grogan T, Tetradis S, Aghaloo T, St. John M. BMP-2 Impregnated Biomimetic Scaffolds Successfully Induce Bone Healing in a Marginal Mandibular Defect. The Laryngoscope 123(5):1149-55, 2013.
  7. Park H, Choi B, Hu J, Lee M. Injectable chitosan hyaluronic acid hydrogels for cartilage tissue engineering. Acta Biomaterialia 91(1):4779-86, 2013.


  1. Levi B, Hyun JS, Montoro DT, Lo D, Hu S, Sun N, Nag D, Lee M, Grova M, Nelson ER, Lee A, Connolly A, Wu JC, Gurtner GC, Wan DC, Longaker MT. In Vivo Directed Differentiation of Pluripotent Stem Cells for Skeletal Regeneration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(50):20379-84, 2012.
  2. Levi B, Nelson ER, Hyun JS, Glotzbach JP, Li S, Nauta A, Montoro DT, Lee M, Commons GC, Hu S, Wu JC, Gurtner GC, Longaker MT. Enhancement of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Angiogenesis through knockdown of a BMP-2 inhibitor. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 129(1):53-66, 2012.
  3. Siu R, Zara J, Hou Y, Li W, Kwak J, James A, Zhang X, Ting K, Wu BM, Soo C, Lee M. Cartilage regeneration mediated by Nell-1 in a rabbit cartilage defect model. Tissue Engineering part A 18:252-61, 2012.
  4. Hou Y, Hu J, Park H, Lee M. Chitosan based nanoparticles as a sustained protein release carrier for tissue engineering applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A 100(4):939-47, 2012.
  5. Hu J, Hou Y, Park H, Choi B, Hou S, Chung A, Lee M. Visible light crosslinkable chitosan hydrogels for tissue engineering. Acta Biomaterialia 8(5):1730-38, 2012.
  6. Hu J, Hou Y, Park H, Lee M. Beta tricalcium phosphate particles as a controlled release carrier of osteogenic proteins for bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A 100(7):1680-6, 2012.
  7. Sidell D, Aghaloo T, Tetradis S, Lee M, Bezouglaia O, Deconde A, St. John M. Composite Mandibulectomy: A Novel Animal Model. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 146(6):932-7, 2012.
  8. James AW, Zara J, Corselli M, Chiang M, Yuan W, Ng R, Askarinam A, Goyal R, Siu R, Scott V, Lee M, Ting T, Péault B, Soo C. Use of Human Perivascular Stem Cells for Bone Regeneration. Journal of Visualized Experiments 63:e2952, 2012.
  9. Lee M, Wu BM. Recent Advances in 3D Printing of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Methods in Molecular Biololgy 868:257-67, 2012.
  10. Lo DD, B, Hyun JS, Chung M, Montoro DT, Zimmerman A, Grova MM, Lee M, Wan DC, Longaker MT. Repair of a critical-sized calvarial defect model using adipose-derived stromal cells harvested from lipoaspirate. Journal of Visualized Experiments e4221, 2012.


  1. Levi B., James AW, Nelson ER, Peng M, Li S, Commons GW, Lee M, Wu BM, Longaker MT. Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Stimulate Autogenous Skeletal Healing via Paracrine Interaction with Calvarial Osteoblasts. Stem Cells and Development 20(2):243-57, 2011.
  2. Li W, Zara J, Siu R, Lee M, Aghaloo T, Zhang X, Wu BM, Wang JC, Gertzman AA, Kang T, Soo C. Nell-1 Enhances Bone Regeneration in a Rat Critical-Sized Femoral Segmental Defect Model. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 127(2):580-7, 2011.
  3. Levi B, James AW, Nelson ER, Peng M, Wan DC, Commons GW, Lee M, Wu BM, Longaker MT. Acute Skeletal Injury is Necessary for Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Mediated Calvarial Regeneration.Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 127(3):1118-29, 2011.
  4. Zara J, Siu R, Zhang X, Shen J, Ngo R, Lee M, Li W, Chiang M, Chung J, Kwak J, Wu BM, Ting K, Soo C. High doses of BMP2 induce structurally abnormal bone and inflammation in vivo. Tissue Engineering part A 17(9-10):1389-99, 2011.
  5. Levi B, Nelson E, Brown K, James AW, Xu D, Dunlevie R, Wu JC, Lee M, Wu BM, Commons GW, Vistnes D, Longaker MT. Differences in osteogenic differentiation of adipose derived stromal cells from murine, canine and human sources in vitro and in vivo. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 128(2):373-86, 2011.
  6. James AW, Levi B, Nelson ER, Peng M, Commons GW, Lee M, Wu BM, Longaker MT. Deleterious Effects of Freezing on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells In Vitro. Stem Cells and Development 20(3):427-39, 2011.
  7. Levi B, Nelson E, Li S, James AW, Hyun JS, Montoro D, Lee M, Glotzbach JP, Commons GW, Longaker MT. Dura mater stimulates human adipose-derived stromal cells to undergo bone formation in mouse calvarial defects. Stem Cells 29(8):1241-55, 2011.
  8. Zhang X, Péault B, Chen W, Li W, Corselli M, Lee M, Siu R, Shen P, Zheng Z, Shen J, Kwak J, Zara J, Chen F, Zhang H, Yin Z, Wu B, Ting T*, Soo C* The Nell-1 growth factor stimulates bone formation by purified human perivascular cells. Tissue Engineering part A 17(19-20):2497-509, 2011.
  9. Levi B, Nelson E, Li S, Jeong Hyun, Jia F, Glotzbach J, James AW, Wan DC , Montoro D, Lee M, Huang M, Quarto N, Gurtner G, Wu J, Longaker MT. Non-Integrating Knockdown and Customized Scaffold Design Enhances Human Adipose Derived Stem Cells in Skeletal Repair. Stem Cells 29(12):2018-29, 2011
  10. Levi B, Wan DC, Glotzbach J, Hyun JS, Januszyk M, Montoro D, Sorkin M,  James AW, Nelson ER, Li S, Quarto N, Lee M, Gurtner G, Longaker MT. CD105 depletion enhances human adipose-derived stromal cell osteogenesis through reduction of TGF-β1 signaling. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(45):39497-509, 2011


  1. Lee M, Siu R, Kang T, Wu BM. Effect of Nell-1 delivery on chondrocyte proliferation and cartilaginous extracellular matrix deposition.Tissue Engineering part A 16:1791-800, 2010.
  2. Li W*, Lee M*, Whang J, Siu R, Zhang X, Kang T, Wu BM, Wang JC, Soo C. (*Co-first authors) Delivery of lyophilized Nell-1 in a rat spinal fusion model.Tissue Engineering part A 16:2861-2870, 2010.
  3. Levi B, James AW, Nelson ER, Vistnes D, Wu BM, Lee M, Gupta A, Longaker MT. Human Adipose Derived Stromal Cells Heal Critical Size Mouse Calvarial Defects. PLoS ONE 17;5(6):e11177, 2010.
  4. Zheng Z, Yin W, Zara J, Li W, Kwak J, Mamidi R, Lee M, Siu R, Ngo R, Wang J, Carpenter D, Zhang X, Wu BM, Kang T, Soo C. The use of BMP-2 coupled - Nanosilver-PLGA composite grafts to induce bone repair in grossly infected segmental defects. Biomaterials 31(35):9293-300, 2010.


  1. Jack GS, Zhang R, Lee M, Xu Y, Wu BM, Rodriguez LV. Adipose Stem Cells to Regenerate Functional Urinary Bladder. Biomaterials 30:3259-3270, 2009.
  2. Lee M, Li W, Siu R, Whang J, Zhang X, Soo C, Kang T, Wu BM. Biomimetic Apatite-Coated Alginate/Chitosan Microparticles as Osteogenic Protein Carriers. Biomaterials 30:6094-6101, 2009.


  1. Lee M, Chang CY, Dunn JC. Evaluation of Small Intestinal Submucosa as a Small Bowel Graft. Journal of Surgical Research 147:168-171, 2008.
  2. Lee M, Wu BM., Stelzner M, Reichardt HM, Dunn JC. Intestinal Smooth Muscle Cell Maintenance by Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor. Tissue Engineering part A 14:1395-1402, 2008.
  3. Lee M, Wu BM, Dunn JC. Effect of Architecture and Pore Size of Scaffolds on the Cell Growth. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A 87:1010-1019, 2008.

~ 2007

  1. Mack J, Cox B, Lee M, Dunn JC, Wu BM. Magnetically Actuable Polymer Nanocomposites for Bioengineering Applications. Journal of Materials Science 42:6139-6147, 2007.
  2. Lee M, Chen TT, Iruela-Arispe ML, Wu BM, Dunn JC. Modulation of Protein Delivery from Modular Polymer Scaffolds. Biomaterials 28:1862-1870, 2007.
  3. Lee M, Dunn JC, Wu BM. Scaffold Fabrication by Indirect Three-dimensional Printing. Biomaterials 26:4281-4289, 2005.
  4. Oh KT, Kim KN, Lee M, Park YS. Corrosion Wear of High Molybdenum and Nitrogen Stainless Steel for Biomedical Applications. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 149:B146-B153, 2002.